There are a couple of American civil war facts which a majority of people are not familiar with. What most people are aware of is the American civil war which begun in 1861 and lasted for 4 years was the goriest conflict recorded in American history. According to the American civil war facts, more than 900 million lives were lost.
While researching on American civil war facts, this article discovered that the number of soldiers lost in the civil war surpasses the number of lives lost in the conflict against Switzerland, World War I, Vietnam War, World War II as well as The American Revolutionary War.
Discussed herein, are a number of American civil war facts that you did not know.
Civil war facts that you need to know
Less than 1% of the combatants who fought on behalf of the Union were settlers, and almost on in every 10 fighters were Black Americans.
The Union was mainly composed of multiracial forces. Stories are told of Irish fighters who fought in the American civil war. As a matter of fact, the Irish made up roughly 7 percent of the Union army.
However, the top Union Rank was mainly made up of Germans (i.e. 10%). The Germans were known for marching in squadrons of Steuben Volunteers. The French, English, Italian, Scottish and Polish soldiers also formed part of the Union Army. In reality, one in every four battalions was made up of more foreigners. African Americans were allowed to enlist in the Union Army in the year 1863. According to most American civil war facts, the mixture of fighters is what determined the outcome of the American civil war.
African American fighters rejected their wages for close to 2 years as a protest for being paid less compared to what white fighters were receiving.
When African Americans started to enlist for the Union Army in 1863, their salary was pegged at $10 per month. At the time, white fighters were being paid at least $13 per month. Senior ranking officers received more pay than their juniors. The African American felt insulted when $3.00 was deducted from their salary to cater for their garment, which meant that they received $7.00. This meant that the senior most African American soldier received almost half of what a low ranked white soldier received every month.
The African American soldiers decided to protest the disparity in their pay by rejecting their wages for nearly 2 years. However, the congress was forced to adjust the pay given the kind of courage that African American soldiers portrayed in the war. September, 1864 saw African Americans receive the same pay as white soldiers. This was backdated to the time when African Americans started to enlist for the Union Army. As such, the soldiers managed to get more money which they sent back to their families for daily upkeep.
In addition to the above, the following are some of the American civil war facts that you did not know:
- President Abraham Lincoln was almost killed by a single gunshot fired at him but missed on his way to his summer home while riding on his horse from the White House.
- General Robert Lee is regarded as the goriest general during the civil war.